The first settlements of Masseria Spina are among the most important examples of rupestrian civilization, developed between roughly the ninth and twelfth centuries in Puglia. The rocky settlements stood near watercourses of torrential origin, called “lame” or “mene”, and were generally made up of an organic complex of caves each used for a particular purpose (homes, workplaces, churches). traces of ancient foundations dating from the early medieval period and a small cemetery are visible, tangible sign of the presence, around the XII sec., of a fairly large community.
Subsequently, between the fifteenth and sixteenth century, around the Minor Church, two towers used for agricultural activities were built by the local people thus assuming the appearance of a village, in which there were about a hundred homes. The monumental complex was completed by the Immaculate Conception Church in the eighteenth century.